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yum提示Error: rpmdb open failed错误的解决办法

centos系统使用yum命令安装软件包时候报错:

  error: rpmdb: BDB0113 Thread/process 2229/140657048729600 failed: BDB1507 Thread died in Berkeley DB library  error: db5 error(-30973) from dbenv->failchk: BDB0087 DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery  error: cannot open Packages index using db5 -  (-30973)  error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm  CRITICAL:yum.main:  Error: rpmdb open failed  

原因是RPM数据库被破坏,重建数据库后恢复正常:

  cd /var/lib/rpm/  for i in `ls | grep 'db.'`;do mv $i $i.bak;done  rpm --rebuilddb  yum clean all
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